Specialized pelvic health physiotherapy is becoming the first line of defence in cases of pelvic pain, pelvic organ prolapse, vaginismus, vulvodynia and incontinence.
Physiotherapy should be the first avenue to consider (prior to surgery or other medical interventions) for both pelvic pain and incontinence.
The pelvic floor muscles are a group of muscles that attach to the front, back and sides of the pelvic bone and sacrum, rather like a sling supporting the bladder, uterus, prostate and rectum. They wrap around the urethra, rectum and vagina.
Patients suffering pelvic health issues often have pelvic floor muscles that are either too weak or too tight. If they are weak, the condition contributes to stress and urge incontinence and pelvic organ prolapse. If there are tight pelvic floor muscles it can contribute to urinary and fecal urgency, urge incontinence, chronic pelvic pain, interstitial cystitis and chronic prostatits among other conditions.
Prescribed treatment will also include a series of home exercises as well as therapy in the clinic.